Isthmus

South Pacific Collections.
Auckland Botanic Gardens.

Approach

The Auckland Botanic Gardens (ABG) Master Plan provides a spatial framework for long term development of the gardens. The key moves include retrofitting accessible pathways that join the various collections, achieving a more coherent visitor experience and strong place brand. The Pacific Path is the first move to be implemented, offering a totally new way to connect with established collections and landscapes. The generous paths, nodes and islands of the Pacific Path connect to create a new layer of experience.

Isthmus Auckland Botatic Garden Master Plan

Right
The ABG Master Plan features
continuous ribbons of native podocarp bush defining waterways, a sequence of open spaces based on the concept of ‘pacific lawns’, a connected primary path network for wayfinding, and themed garden clusters around nodes for a seamless journey.

Manukau City is expected to grow significantly over the next 20 years, providing homes and jobs in South Auckland. The ABG serves this growing centre and plays a key role as a cultural institution educating residents and schools students about the South Pacific bioregion.

The Gardens cover an area of 64 hectares, including 10 hectares of native forest. With free entry, the gardens are both a visitor attraction and a popular recreational destination for family groups—connecting to the wider open space network of Totara Park via the headwaters of the Puhinui Stream.

Left
Despite the current challenges presented by a lack of public transport and profile, the Gardens have a wider role in the regeneration of Manukau and its living systems, and sustainable living concepts.

The 2009 Master Plan addresses the key issue faced by the ABG, the absence of a comprehensive structure. The lack of overall integration and clear orientation through the Gardens meant that most visitors did not fully experience all that the Gardens had to offer.

The Master Plan solves the circulation woes, providing a robust framework that enhances the site’s unique identity and improves the legibility. The plan embraces the Gardens’ vision of “a spectacular South Pacific Botanic Garden that is widely recognised for its outstanding plant collections, Auckland regional identity and the interest inspired in the community.”

—ABG Management Plan 2001

Above Layer Analysis
4. Collections and gardens
3. Buildings and pathways
2. Topography, open space and views
1. Bush corridors and waterways

Left
Themed gardens and collections are able to evolve organically within the new circulation framework.

Since 2009 the ABG Master Plan has guided planning, funding applications and design exploration of key areas whilst enabling day-to-day operation as a ‘living garden’ showcasing an experimental approach to local solutions with global relevance. The Plan subsequently led to the detailed design and staged implementation of the Pacific Path between 2017 and 2019.

Left
The nodal ‘islands’ within the Pacific Path naturally control pedestrian flow, creating eddies for pausing, resting, gathering, and decision making. They also provide logical entries and exits to the themed gardens.
Each of the nodes responds to both the overall Pacific theme, as well as the nuances of its immediate surroundings and location along the pathway.

The sinuous Pacific Path is an immersive experience, a sculptural wayfinding element that connects gardens and provides a canvas for the annual Sculpture Walk. Attention to detail, repetition and coherence all help orientate visitors and guide them into the heart of each of the themed gardens.

 

Right
The path geometry was carefully curated down to the finest scale, with an exaggeration of its sinuous curves and corners, opening up glimpses into garden collections and the wider landscape context.

The Pacific Path carves through and interfaces with established themed collections so the design team and Botanic Gardens staff worked together to ground-truth the proposed alignment to carefully integrate it with existing infrastructure and operations. This was a robust and iterative design process, returning repeatedly to the carefully crafted design principles to guide every move and decision. Design rationalisation ensured that each edge interface contributed positively to the visitor experience. 

 

Materiality
It was essential that the materials and their application to path features ensured both functionality and legibility in a robust working Garden environment. Insitu-concrete was chosen as a durable path material that could handle operational requirements, as well as ‘stand out’ from the finer grain network of garden and service paths. 

The nodes sit as beautiful repeated forms amongst the gardens, easily recognisable as wayfinding elements within the landscape and providing an enjoyable cadence to the visitor journey. Each node has a different relationship to site specific terrain—draping the contour, sitting proud or cutting in, in a way that reinforces the coherence of the Pacific Path as a continuous element.

Left
Feature areas, such as the Lower Lake edge deck incorporate seating, stepping stones and precast components with texture, patterning and vertical definition that assist with wayfinding recognition. Constructed in part from recycled granite, the lake edge deck allows larger groups and families to get safely down to the water’s edge.

Future work will enable a sequence of nodes returning back full circle to the Huakaiwaka Visitor Centre—providing a large scale legible spine to navigate the curated gardens. For the visitor, this structured journey invites freedom and exploration—rather than restricting movement. It provides the ability to freely explore the open parkland, natural forested areas and streams that frame the botanical experience, knowing you will always find your way back to the main path.

Team Members
David Irwin, Helen Kerr, Nada Stanish, Andrew Norriss,
Past Team Members

Nick Pearson

Client
Auckland Council

Collaborators
CLC Consulting
DVQS
Woodhouse Associates

Contractor
Seger Group

 

Isthmus Group
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